Sump pumps are self-activating electrical pumps that protect homes from moisture intrusion. They are usually installed below basement or crawlspace floors to remove rising groundwater and surface runoff before it has a chance to seep into the home. Accumulated water can cause interior damage and encourage the growth of mold, mildew and fungus. Pumps should be maintained and equipped with all necessary components in order to ensure their reliability.
As you can see in the pictures this particular sump pump was not plugged into the electric outlet at the time of the home inspection. When plugged in to test it worked as intended.
Why was the pump not plugged in? We don’t know the answer but a couple of thoughts might be that when this house was built 5 years ago they didn’t plug it in or the home owner who moved out last week unplugged it at some point. There was also an exhaust fan in the crawl space that was unplugged.
Additionally the crawlspace was not insulated as is the case with most homes built recently. These items are surprising considering the fact that the pump, fan and heavy duty vapor barrier that apparently were installed in the crawl space at the time of construction. One can only guess that at the end of construction nobody ever went into the crawl space to make sure the job was completed or not. This is one of the reasons that even new homes should be inspected prior to closing for the buyer.